Fleas and ticks are here and now deer and the deer tick have recently blessed us with their presence in Locust Valley and surrounding areas. The deer tick is a main source of Lyme disease transmission. All pet owners should seriously consider using the newer flea and tick prevention products on the market. The Communicable Disease Center (CDC) has reported an increased resistance of fleas and ticks to the commonly used products we have used in the past. For that reason, they recommend alternating products each year. Ticks especially carry diseases of human significance as they can cause the same diseases in humans as in dogs and cats. These include: Lyme Disease, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever, Ehrlichiosis, Babesia, Bartonella and more. Now we have available the long awaited ORAL 1x each month pill. It is a soft beef-flavored chewable pi ll approved to kill both fleas and ticks. It is called NexGard. It is a prescription product and available only from your veterinarian. It is used for not only the prevention of fleas and ticks but also the treatment of them. It has been on the market in the US for over 6 months and has shown to be very safe and effective. Still available are the older topical products that are applied 1 x each month to the skin. Most of these products that kill fleas and ticks do it quickly. This is especially important as a tick has to be attached to the skin for 24+ hours before transmission of the Lyme Disease bacterium can occur. The topical products are applied to the skin (not the hair) 1 x each month. It is dispersed into the fatty layer under the skin and stored in the oil secreting glands. All these products kill the parasites, inactiv ate the eggs, and kill the immature form of the parasites known as larvae. Fortunately, all these products work well on the pet and in the house for control as well as prevention. Vacuuming the entire house still is a must, as it sucks up live and dead fleas and ticks, AND their eggs and larvae. The bag should then be placed in the garbage where it will eventually be burned. According to the CDC in Atlanta, Lyme Disease is on the rise in the northeast and even with the development of these products, treatment of the outdoors with insecticides still has a place in total flea and tick control, especially with re-occurring infestations. Check with your veterinarian for the latest recommended products.